Swiss Ai Research Overview Platform
Advances in mobility are initiated by technological developments, most notably electrification, automation and digitization. The technologies not only enable electric, automated and connected vehicles,
but also and foremost new mobility services. Consequently, the main drivers of future mobility are new business models made possible by new technology. Data is not only used by smart mobility solutions, but the solutions themselves generate new data during operation. This leads to questions like who owns the data and how data should be protected. The project will address these questions in order to design legal and technical data governance solutions for smart mobility offers.
First an inventory of the relevant data flows and actors is established in a systematic way. The identified data flows will be classified from a legal point of view concerning sensitivity, sovereignity and ownership. Regulatory and technological boundaries define the framework conditions to embed the governance model. The model is created and assessed considering the points of view of different stakeholders: citizen-centred, industry-centred, state-centred.
Actors representing these points are represented in the accompanying commission. Their role is to co-create the model with the project team and ultimately approve it. Provisions, recommendations and descriptions enable the implementation of the model, which then will be tested against representative mobility solutions and applications.
The investigated governance models and technological concepts are required for creating an enabling environment for industry to develop innovative mobility solutions. It can be expected that the impact of a governance framework is especially strong on open data platforms such as those required for MaaS and envisaged by NaDIM. The implementation of open platforms is currently hindered by difficult discussions around commercially relevant governance issues, mainly regarding ownership and control. A framework that opens a way to manage the involved legal and technological aspects will propel the development of smart mobility offers, to the obvious benefit of industry and consumers, but ultimately to society as a whole.
The enabling governance model and system proposal to be developed in the project will be an important building block for establishing sustainable smart mobility solutions.